Covid-19: A result already expected due to the deaths caused by covid-19, the number of deaths registered in Brazil during the year 2020 reached a record: there were 1,513,575 people, according to the Civil Registry Statistics survey, released on Thursday. fair (18) by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics).
The annual increase reached 14.9%, or 195,965 more deaths than in 2019. By the end of 2020, around 195,000 people had died from the infection caused by SARS-CoV-2.
The increase registered was the biggest since 1984, both in percentage and in absolute numbers. The growth in the number of deaths among men (16.7%) was higher than that recorded among women (12.7%). The age group over 60 years old or more had more deaths, while those under 20 years old had a reduction, in the period from 2019 to 2020.
Another natural consequence of the pandemic, around 73.5% of the deaths registered in the country in 2020 occurred in hospitals, while 20.7% of them were in households and 5.8% in other places, or not declared. Also representative is the fact that 99.2% of the deaths that occurred in the past year were registered as natural causes, a classification that includes deaths from diseases, including covid-19.
Highest death rate in 37 years
The statement that the 14.9% increase in the number of deaths in 2020 when compared to 2019 is a percentage far above all the records previously made by Civil Registry Statistics in the last 37 years, can be verified, for example , by the variation between the years 2018 and 2019, which was 2.7%.
When taking into account only the high number of deaths observed among people over 60 years of age, which concentrated 75.8% of all occurrences in 2020, it appears that there were 148,561 more deaths than in the previous year, an increase 16.3% compared to an increase of 4.5% recorded from 2018 to 2019. In the 15-59 age group, there was a 14.9% increase in the number of deaths in 2020, compared to a reduction of 1 .2% in the previous biennium.
As for the geographic distribution of deaths, the highest percentages occurred in the North (25.9%), Central-West (20.4%) and Northeast (16.8%) regions, all above the country average.
Among the states, the greatest growth in the number of deaths occurred in Amazonas, with 31.9%. The state was one of the most impacted by the covid-19 pandemic — in early 2021, the capital Manaus faced a shortage of oxygen used to treat the sick, causing the local health system to collapse.