Researchers from the Max Planck Institute in Germany managed to produce an ultra-fast microscope that can be used in quantum studies. Using this camera, it is possible to monitor the electrons of a single atom.
Although quantum physics will be more involved in our lives in the future, most of our knowledge in this field is theoretical. There are several reasons for this, but the main reason is that there is not much equipment that can track the quantum process.
Researchers Manish Garg and Klaus Kern from the Max Planck Institute in Germany developed a new ultra-fast microscope for this purpose. The device, which provides HD quantum imaging with its simplest expression, makes it possible to monitor even a single electron. This may open the way for future electronic devices.
Electrons can now be clearly displayed
It is not easy to view the quantum world. The systems currently used also observe fluctuations and show the position of electrons in a single moment. In the resulting image, the background becomes completely blurred.
In the system found by researchers, several hundred attosecond videos of electrons are taken. An attosecond is 1 in 1 quadrillion per second, or 1 in 1 billion in 1 billion. In this period, even light can only travel along a water molecule.
Measuring laser waves by tunneling
The method that researchers find to observe electrons is quite remarkable. In a method using a tunnel scanning microscope and ultra-short laser waves, the tip of which is at the height of a single atom, if possible, the electrons move between the tip and the surface. Thus, it is possible to observe atoms.
The method used by physicists manages to combine the positive aspects of ultra-fast waves and scanning tunneling technologies. This makes it possible to see exactly where certain electrons belonging to a particular atom are at a given time.
This new method will lead us to better understand the relationship between light and atoms, chemical reactions and quantum. As a result of the studies with the new microscope, electronic devices will be much faster and smaller in the future, and communication will also accelerate.