Scientists unwittingly made a new invention while experimenting with crystalline materials, also known as 2D materials. Researchers think they may have discovered a new and fully electronic type of matter.
People have been studying the electric charge for thousands of years, and the results of this review also shape our modern civilization today. Our daily life depends on electric lighting, smartphones, cars and computers. All this has reached levels unpredictable by people who recorded the first images about electricity.
Scientists from Northeastern University have discovered a new way to steer the charge of electricity. This discovery is thought to make huge changes in future technology. Physics professor Swastik Kar notes that with the new discovery, the way of detecting and transmitting signals can change, as well as our way of perceiving things and storing information.
Electrons do not repel each other and form a structure
Among the most important features of modern technology is the ability to move, direct and store electrons. Judging by the article published in Nanoscale, researchers found a way to do something entirely new with electrons: the electrons distributing themselves evenly in a stationary and crystalline structure.
According to the physicist Kar, this almost means a new state of matter because the new sequence is ‘purely electronic.’ It was also by chance that scientists discovered this. The researchers noticed the new situation when experimenting with crystalline materials (2D materials) that were only a few atoms thick. These materials consist of atomic structures that repeat themselves, similar to an endless checkerboard. 2D materials are so thin that electrons can only move in two directions.
Stacking these very fine materials can create unexpected effects as the layers interact with each other at quantum levels. Profits and colleagues noticed that things were weird when examining bismuth selenid and a transition metal chalcolgen over each other. Electrons normally had to repel each other because they were expected to move away from other minus charged particles because they were minus charged. However, instead of repelling electrons in these layers, they created a stationary structure. In other words, deposits of electrons formed between the two layers.
Scientists, who initially thought this was a mistake, also took into account a number of factors to confirm the results. Snow, “Can any mango hang from the branches of the apple tree?” She asked her astonishment and asked that she was still on the wrong track, but after repeated tests and experiments by doctorate student Zachariah Hennighausen, they were convinced by the accuracy of this exciting discovery. There is an electron layer between the two layers, and the structure formed by the electrons changed with the change of direction in the other two layers.
According to the physicist Arun Bansil, the theoretical explanation for this is that there is a potential hole, pit or ditch where deposits form. These pits may be formed by the combination of quantum mechanical and physical factors.
The new discovery is still in its infancy, but it looks promising about technologies like future electronics, detection and sensor systems, and computing.