Researchers have been looking for an ideal, cost-effective way to produce diamonds for a very long time. In a new study at Stanford University, efforts to produce diamonds have finally come to a conclusion. A molecule and a diamond found in crude oil and natural gas were produced.
Diamonds are formed by the crystallization of carbon under the earth’s surface, under extreme heat and pressure. Diamond comes to the earth with volcanic eruptions after this formation underground.
Scientists have been working on making rhinestones using various materials for decades. Different ways have been tried to produce rhinestone so far. However, success was not achieved.
Large amounts of energy are required to produce rhinestone. Also, catalysts are needed to trigger transformation. Researchers from the Department of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences at Stanford University have found a simpler way to obtain rhinestone.
“We wanted to achieve a clean system where a single substance turns into pure diamonds without catalyst,” said Sulgiye Park, the lead author of the study of obtaining rhinestone from molecules in fossil fuels.
Researchers used refined powders in oil tanks to produce synthetic diamonds. Examining these materials with a powerful microscope, the team observed atom models that were organized in the same way as the atoms that make up the diamond crystals called diamondoid.
Unlike traditional diamonds that are made entirely of carbon, diamondoids contain hydrogen as well as carbon. Scientists used equipment called diamond anvil cells used in ultra-hard materials to create excessive pressure on the diamondoids they detected.
Substantial pressure was applied to the substance afterwards with a laser. The researchers found that after a series of tests and simulations, the three-chain diamondoid can be converted into pure diamond with very little energy. The three-chain diamondoid, exposed to a temperature of about 627 ° C and high pressure, removed the hydrogen atoms and structured the carbon atoms as necessary.
The creation of pure diamonds from a three-chain diamondoid takes place in a fraction of a second. Researchers have now been able to produce a very small diamond in this way, but they say that starting with these building blocks, diamonds can be produced more quickly and easily.
Being able to create diamonds in this way can have consequences beyond the jewelery industry. The hardness, transparency, chemical stability, thermal conductivity and unique properties of diamonds can enable diamonds to be used in many fields from medicine to biology.