There are many nano-sized particles in our atmosphere that we cannot see with our eyes. According to a new study, some of these nanoparticles in the atmosphere may be fungal spores.
According to the results of new research, the atmosphere may contain two to three times more mushroom spor particles than previously thought. So is this a good thing for people?
According to research published in the journal Science Advances, these cell nanoparticles have a share in asthma and allergic reactions. But it also plays an important role in cloud formation, especially in the formation of ice crystals.
Michael Fawler, a chemist at the University of California; he says these parts are quite likely to be fungal spores that burst after swelling with water. Saying that these are unexpected to be identified as mushroom fragments, Fawler said, “Many atmospheric nanoparticles are generally thought to be gas reactions in the atmosphere.”
The team collected 20 to 60 nanometer-wide particles in the environment with a device and positioned platinum life. High-resolution mass spectrometry was used to analyze the gases that emerged after the evaporation process and fungal spores were detected.
The size of these pieces turned out to be 30 nanometers, for comparison, the thickness of a piece of paper is approximately 100 thousand nanometers. Researchers attribute the reason why these pieces have been missed in previous studies is that they have not been studied on such a small scale.
These spores act like biological shrapnel to penetrate deeper into the lungs. While this becomes a potential problem for asthma and allergies, it becomes a potential response to why rains are affected by asthma in some people.
These nanoparticles contribute to the formation of clouds by turning into ice crystals in the atmosphere. It also plays a critical role in short-term weather forecasts and long-term climate forecasts. The exemplary weather in this study was collected from a point in northern Oklahoma, so it is not possible to say that the same is true everywhere.