Astronomers have announced that they have discovered the largest neutron star ever detected. The mass of the newly discovered neutron star is 2.14 times larger than the Sun.
The universe constantly brings strange phenomena to astronomers. Of course, these strange phenomena are neutron stars. Neutron stars are the most dense star remnants known after black holes.
Neutron stars, the supernova explosion occurs after the collapse of the remaining substances caused by gravity. These stars are called neutron stars because they are almost entirely composed of neutrons. Neutron stars consist of a high amount of neutrons, but also a small amount of electrons and protons. Without these protons and electrons, neutron stars would not have existed for long.
Astronomers have now identified the largest neutron star detected. According to an article published in Nature Astronomy on Monday, the neutron star was named J0740 + 6620. The mass of the neutron star, J0740 + 6620, is 2.14 times larger than the Sun, and is about 24 km in diameter.
This discovery of astronomers is very important. Because scientists have not yet calculated the largest mass of neutron stars. 0740 + 6620 is probably on the threshold of the largest mass a neutron star can have. With the 0740 + 6620, the mysterious internal structure of the neutron stars can be illuminated, as well as more information on the deaths of the big stars.
0740 + 6620 is also a special type of neutron star called pulsar which emits light from its magnetic poles. As the radiant magnetic poles of the gigantic neutron star are toward Earth, scientists can observe the neutron star 4600 light-years away. Astronomers studying the 0740 + 6620 neutron star said that the neutron star blinks regularly like a cosmic lighthouse.
Pulsar neutron stars form a binary star system, which scientists think of as a white dwarf, or another type of star that is not as dense as neutron stars or black holes. The researchers were able to calculate the mass of the pulsar based on their interaction with the white dwarf. As the two objects approach each other in time, the large gravity distorts the pulses of bright light emitted by 0740 + 6620 and distorts the area surrounding the binary system.