British archaeologists have discovered a huge prehistoric building surrounding the Durrington Walls settlement near Stonhenge in England. Archaeologists think the building will offer new clues to the life and beliefs of the neolithic period.
An archaeological team, created by scientists from different universities in England, discovered a huge monument created in the neolithic period, 3 kilometers from historic Stonehenge.
Archaeologists think that pits wider than 10 meters and deeper than 5 meters were built during the settlement of the Durrington Walls. The pits, which seem to be extremely large, form a circle of more than 2 kilometers in diameter around the ancient settlement. Researchers estimate that the monument was built as the border of the sacred area.
The new technology used has led to the discovery of the pits surrounding the Durrington Walls
Explaining about the pits discovered using remote sensing technology and sampling, Professor Vince Gaffney from Bradford University explained that the pits showed “capacity and desires to record the cosmological belief systems of Neolithic communities in ways and scales that we never expected.”
Stating that the pits around Stonehenge are located in the most studied archaeological site in the world, Gaffney explained that the new technology they used enabled the discovery of such an important prehistoric structure.
Vince Gaffney said the pits were thought to be natural pits when they were first found. However, studies have revealed that pits may have been made to highlight a border marking the Durrington Walls settlement as a special location, or to distinguish between the Durrington and Stonehenge areas.
It is not possible to estimate how long the pits were created with the tools of the Neolithic period
Gaffney added that it was difficult to estimate how long it took to build such a structure using stone tools of the Neolithic period, and that a large-scale workforce had to be organized to create pits of this scale.
Commenting on the pits surrounding the Durrington Walls settlement near Stonehenge, Dr. Richard Bates of the St Andrews School of Earth and Environmental Sciences said the pits are pointing to a “more complex society than we can imagine.”
Archaeologists working in the prehistoric monument think the deposits in the pits will reveal new information about the 4000-year-old Stonehenge. Tim Kinnaird, one of the researchers, announced that the deposits will provide new details about Stonehenge.