Fires occurring in Australia not only cause many people to become homeless and kill millions of animals, but also cause a significant increase in the level of carbon dioxide worldwide.
Met Office, the UK’s meteorological agency, said today that carbon emissions from fires occurring in southeast Australia and causing major destruction will be the main trigger for a record atmospheric CO2 ratio throughout the world by 2020.
It was also stated that the annual increase in CO2 level would be at the highest level since 1958 when the measurements started. The CO2 levels measured at the Mauna Loa observatory in Hawaii have fluctuated due to the weather patterns in the northern hemisphere, but it has to be said that annual values are on a sharp rise.
Increase in CO2 level:
It is expected to be 417 ppm (417 per million) with a record level of CO2. Another bad news about this year is that 2020 is the first year that the ppm level will never fall below 410. According to estimates, the annual average will be 414.2 ppm. According to Met Office estimates, CO2 will increase by 2.74 ppm compared to the previous year, which means that the increase will be 10% higher than the increase in 2019.
According to the calculations made with the initial data of the Global Fire Emission Database, smoke generated in Australian fires will add an additional 0.05 ppm in 2020. This additional ppm, which will occur due to smoke from the fire, corresponds to 1 in 5 of total ppm.
The United Nations said that by 2030, emissions from land use, fossil fuels, and transport should be reduced by 7.6% annually to close the gap between pre-industry global temperature, but unfortunately the emission continues to increase year by year.