Researchers from the Indian Medical Research Council (ICMR) conducted coronavirus research on 7 species of bats living in the Indian states. In the study, coronavirus was detected in 2 bat species. The researchers explained that there is no evidence that coronaviruses detected in bats can cause disease in humans.
From the moment the coronavirus appeared in China, scientists have been studying the source of the virus. A significant part of the studies show that the coronavirus that causes disease in humans is transmitted from bats to an animal such as pangolin after it has evolved. However, these studies are still not sufficient.
Scientists from all over the world continue to work to find out which animal the SARS-CoV-2 originated from, since the source of the virus could not be clearly identified. A new study was also conducted in India to find the source of the coronavirus.
Scientists studied 7 types of bats for coronavirus
Scientists from the Indian Medical Research Council (ICMR) examined 7 species of bats from many states of India for coronavirus research. As a result of the study, BtCoV, which is a coronavirus of Rousettus and Pteropus-type bats brought from Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Puducherry and Tamil Nadu provinces.
Dr. of the researchers. Pragya D Yadav explained that the BtCoV bat coronavirus, which they detected in bats during their studies, was not related to SARS-CoV-2, which caused disease in humans. He said that the Nipah virus, which was effective in 2018 and 2019, was also found in the Pteropus-type bat.
Dr. Pragya D Yadav said that some bats may be hosting viruses that can cause disease in humans. As an example, Yadav shows that the nipah virus detected in the Pteropus bat is effective on humans.
Dr. Pragya D Yadav stated that bats are suspected of transmitting the new type of coronavirus to humans, and therefore their work is on the detection of coronavirus in bat species in India.
ICMR researcher Dr. Pragya D Yadav said that viruses belonging to the coronavirus family do not show clinical symptoms in bats, which are usually natural hosts. These viruses, which do not cause a disease in bats, cause different types of disease symptoms when they are transmitted to other animals or humans in some way.
Researchers say that bats that carry out a proactive process against viruses should be examined. Scientists recommend cross-sectional antibody studies in body areas where the virus is detected after detection and identification of the coronavirus in bats.