Astronomers managed to capture the image of an extremely rare galaxy, defined as the “cosmic ring of fire,” 11 billion light-years away.
An international research team has discovered a new galaxy 11 billion light years from the Solar System. The galaxy, defined as the “cosmic ring of fire”, is preparing to add a new dimension to the theories about the earliest formation of galactic structures and how they developed.
The lead author of the research published in the journal Nature Astronomy Dr. “It is a very interesting object that we have not seen before. It also looks strange and familiar,” Tiantian Yuan said.
The ring galaxy, a rare galaxy type, is 11 billion light-years away from the Solar System.
The diameter of the hole in the center of the galaxy called R5519 is three million times larger than the diameter of the supermassive black hole in Messier 87, viewed directly in 2019. Working at the Astrophysics and Supercomputing Center at Swinburne University of Technology, Victoria, USA. Yuan said there could be 50 times more stars than the Milky Way in R5519.
Working with colleagues in Australia, USA, Canada, Belgium, and Denmark, Dr. Yuan blended spectroscopic data collected by the WM Keck Observatory in Hawaii with images recorded by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope. It is stated that the annular galaxy formed as a result of the collision is the first galaxy type to appear at the beginning of the universe.
It is stated that the annular galaxy formed as a result of the collision is the first galaxy type to appear at the beginning of the universe.
The R5519 occurred about 10.8 billion years ago, just three billion years after the Big Bang. Astronomers point out the importance of their discovery, stating that the galaxies emerging as a result of the collision are extremely rare.
He worked at the International Center for Radio Astronomy Research in Western Australia. Ahmed Elagali said research on R5519 will help determine when spiral galaxies began to evolve. Dr. Elagali also stated that the discovery in question could make it possible to limit the number of ringed galaxies to the cosmic timeline.