Astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS), the first and only campus of humanity in space, managed to create an exotic substance. In the experiment, which has the potential to change our understanding of physics at a basic level, micro gravity of space was used to produce and study matter in a way that was not possible on Earth.
Astronauts at the International Space Station (ISS), located 408 kilometers from Earth, have succeeded in creating a type of exotic matter using micro-gravity of space. The astronauts expressed that the exotic substance obtained as a result of the study provided the Bose-Einstein Concentration.
The Bose-Einstein Condensation, first discovered by Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein in 1924-1925, is a state in which substances with particles are concentrated at the lowest energy level and quantum effects can be observed. For bzonic atoms, transition to this state can be achieved by decreasing to absolute zero temperature by laser cooling as diluted gas.
The Bose-Einstein Concentration was discovered by Nath Bose and Albert Einstein in 1924-1925
At extreme temperatures, substances begin to behave strangely, and atoms become a single entity with quantum properties. Scientists trying to use the Bose-Einstein Concentration to gain in-depth knowledge of quantum mechanics could not do the research they wanted because of gravity on Earth.
For this reason, the researchers sent the equipment known as “Cold Atomic Laboratory” to ISS. This allowed astronauts at the space station to reach the Bose-Einstein condensation in the microgravity environment and to measure the change in space conditions compared to Earth.
Astronauts have managed to create an exotic substance that provides Bose-Einstein Condensation using micro-gravity of space
For example; astronauts have found that atoms stay in the air much longer. This allows researchers to observe Bose-Einstein condensations more precisely. Stating that as the environment cools, exotic quantum effects become more evident, researchers hope to shed some light on some of physics’ main mysteries. The findings of the study were published in the world-renowned science journal Nature.