One of the biggest threats of the world and life on earth is carbon emissions. Many organizations are making various initiatives to reduce emissions. According to a study, one of the tools to be used in reducing emissions can be soil.
According to a new study, repairing and protecting the earth’s soil can absorb more than 5 billion tons of carbon dioxide every year. This means that it can be a very important step towards carbon emissions, which is a great danger for the future of the world.
It was stated in the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change last year that it is necessary to work very hard in order for the world to maintain its ability to absorb and store the greenhouse gas that causes the warming of the planet.
The importance of soil
In a new study published in the journal Nature Sustainability, the potential of the soil in carbon capture was analyzed. As a result of the analysis, it was found that if it can be managed correctly, it can contribute to a quarter of the soil absorption process.
The total potential of the soil was found to be 23.8 gigaton of carbon dioxide. In other words, it means that the soil can process an average of 5.5 billion tons of absorption per year. 40% of this potential is left to leave the existing land to itself.
Deborah Bossio, author of the research, an earth scientist, said: “Much of the ongoing destruction in these ecosystems is the footprint of expanding agriculture. In other words, slowing or stopping this expansion is a very important strategy. ”
So the restoration of the soil will be of great benefit to humanity. In this way, the quality of water, food production and resistance of crops will increase. Bossio said that the incentive structure in agriculture should be directed from payments to ecosystem services, food, water, climate and biodiversity.